Web 2.0 technology, such as blogging, allows for locally developed, cost effective, and holistic alternative portfolio assessment systems. By enhancing critical reflection and fostering social interaction, blogging portfolios are seen as an integral learning tool for all students enrolled in a university program.
As Ellis noted, metacognition is simply thinking about thinking. Metacognition in practice can serve as, “the critical revisiting of the learning process”. Critical reflection, as a form of metacognition, occurs when learners construct their own narratives based on learning experiences and professional practice. As applied to professional practices, approaches that support the examination of beliefs that emerge from these practices promote the development of more flexible and intentional approaches to effective teaching and learning.