A review of the history and current state of distance, blended, and online learning. The articles presented in this report provide an overview of research literature in:
• Distance education
• Blended learning
• Online learning
• MOOC research
• Future learning technology infrastructures
Higher education is changing. central to this change is the transition from a physically based learning model to one that makes greater use of digital technologies. A brave, new landscape of toolsets is now emerging, each with various elements of control, integration, ownership, and structure. As leaders, educators, and students begin selecting tools for enterprise deployment, questions of control and ownership become as important as questions of integration and structure. More importantly, the technologies selected will determine the quality of learning, the scope of teaching practices, and ultimately, how well learners are equipped for both employment and engagement in democratic and equitable models of modern global society.